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What Causes Male Infertility?

January 13, 2020

Did you know that up to 15 percent of couples are infertile? This means they aren't able to conceive a child, even though they've had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer.

The majority of men often feel ashamed or embarrassed when dealing with an infertility problem. However, it is more common than what most think. In fact, one-third of infertility problems are caused by the man. In order for fertility to be successful, a man’s hormones, anatomy, genes, and environmental conditions must be correct.

To determine the cause of infertility, the process begins with a necessary diagnostic test. From there, Athens Area Urology has a team of experienced physicians who work together to solve the issues causing male infertility.

Sperm is produced in a complicated process. The delivery of sperm from the testicle to the end of the penis must have a functional tubular system. When functional, this process ends with the sperm going into the vagina. The transport system includes the prostate, urethra, vas deferens, ejaculatory ducts, and the epididymis.

Several factors can harm a man’s transport system and ultimately result in infertility. These factors may include (but are not limited to): medications, chromosomes, hormones, obstruction, varicocele, disordered sperm production, retrograde ejaculation, and immunologic infertility. In addition, environmental factors can also negatively affect one’s fertility. These may include overexposure to harmful substances (radiation, pesticides, chemicals), cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and anabolic steroids. Having depression or high blood pressure can also play a role.

Not being able to conceive a child can be stressful and frustrating, but a number of male infertility treatments are available. In order to determine the cause of male infertility, a male infertility treatment doctor will need to analyze the semen and one’s hormones. The treatment required for male infertility depends primarily on the cause.

We typically advise couples to seek fertility evaluations if they are unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. If you or your loved one is dealing with male infertility, call Athens Area Urology at 706-612-9401. Don’t stay frustrated and feel hopeless; visit our website today to find out how AAU can make a difference.

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